Ecosystem Koi Pond

1. POND SKIMMER – Pre-filters water, houses pump, collects debris, and reduces maintenance.

2. BIOFALLS FILTER – Provides surface area for beneficial bacteria to colonize and remove excess nutrients from water.

3. POND PUMP – Pumps water from the pond skimmer to the Biofalls filter to create a waterfall.

4. PIPE – Directs water from the skimmer to the Biofalls filter.

5. ROCKS & GRAVEL – Protect the liner, naturalize the pond bottom, and provide surface area for beneficial bacteria to break down excess nutrients.

6. POND LINER & UNDERLAYMENT – Form the pond’s foundation for containing the water and allowing gases to escape from beneath the pond.

7. PLANTS & FISH – Filter pond water, thereby minimizing maintenance and improving water conditions. Provide nutrients for pond plants and reduce maintenance.

The Ecosystem

An Aquascape ecosystem pond mimics Mother Nature to provide food, shelter, and safety to the wildlife around it. As well as providing you with an all-natural, low-maintenance piece of paradise. Remember that every piece of the ecosystem puzzle must be present in order for the ecosystem to be in place. Without any one of these elements, you’ve got an unbalanced ecosystem that won’t be so low-maintenance anymore.


An efficient circulation system keeps the water moving and provides the necessary oxygen levels for healthy fish and plants. A properly sized pump and pipe diameter are vital for the health & aesthetics of your water feature.


The Biofalls is a biological filter which provides surface area for beneficial bacteria to colonize and remove excess nutrients from the water. The skimmer draws in debris from the water’s surface before it falls to the pond floor and decomposes. It is a mechanical filter with a basket & filter mat to pre-filter the water, and it houses the pump.


Fish are an integral part of an aquatic ecosystem. They reduce pond maintenance as they graze on algae and bottom feed from the pond floor.


Aquatic Plants are Mother Nature’s true filters. They are great for adding character to a pond by providing color and texture. But from a filtration perspective, they’re second to none. Thriving from the excess nutrients in a pond and depriving algae of its food source, the aquatic plants in a water garden, given proper coverage, are critical for the overall health of the ecosystem.

Rocks, Gravel, & Bacteria

Rocks & Gravel make your pond look more natural and protect the pond liner from the harmful effects of the sun. They also provide tremendous surface area for beneficial bacteria to colonize, and break down excess nutrients in the water and dissolved organic debris on the pond floor. With these things in place, you make all the difference in the health and success of your water garden. Working with Mother Nature, not against her, you will have a chemical-free water wonderland! A low-maintenance ecosystem pond provides you with more free time to enjoy friends and family gathered around your pond.